Cold thinking on the hottest new energy vehicle

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95 Chinese and foreign new energy vehicles made their debut at the Beijing auto show, and 1017 new energy vehicles were put into demonstration operation in the Expo site of the Shanghai WorldExpo. However, behind the overwhelming green wave, we are still far from the industrial adjustment and revitalization goal that the sales of new energy vehicles accounted for 5% of the sales of passenger cars in 2012

from this issue, the industrial and economic Plaza launched a series of reports "focus on new energy vehicles", trying to interpret the problems encountered in the development of new energy vehicles and explore solutions from the perspective of technical standards, infrastructure, support policies, core technologies and so on. Editor

in the face of a series of problems such as high costs, imperfect infrastructure, absence of supporting policies, inconsistent standards, hollowing out of core technology and so on, the new energy vehicle revolution promoted by Chinese and foreign car enterprises seems to be more like StarTech realizing that it is a science and technology show that can't quench thirst far.

new energy vehicles: ideal left, reality right

95 Chinese and foreign new energy vehicles appeared on the stage, accounting for nearly 1/10 of the total number of vehicles participating in the exhibition, of which, About 30 new energy vehicles will be mass produced within this year, 321 pure electric vehicles, 500 hybrid electric vehicles and 196 fuel cell vehicles will shuttle back and forth. While realizing zero traffic emissions in the park, it also opened the curtain of the world's largest commercial operation of new energy vehicles.

one is the 11th Beijing International Automobile Exhibition with the theme of imagining a green future; One is the Shanghai WorldExpo with the theme of "Better City, better life". The two grand events, which opened successively and seemed to be irrelevant, coincidentally added a fire to the domestic new energy vehicles with a high fever

the Beijing auto show can be called a stage for Chinese and foreign auto enterprises to compete for the green commanding heights. Not only have almost all domestic car companies launched electric vehicles or concept cars, but even the European car companies such as Volkswagen, Renault and Nissan, which advocated diesel engines in the previous two years and were not optimistic about hybrid and electric vehicle technology, have also rushed to release electric vehicle strategies

the WorldExpo is also a battlefield for reviewing the latest technology of new energy vehicles in domestic automobile enterprises and the achievements of the computer tensile testing machine produced by Jinan Shijin in line with the manufacturing standard of testing machine gb/t16491 ⑴ 996 "electronic universal testing machine standard". 1017 new energy vehicles participated in the demonstration operation of the Expo Park, including almost all new energy vehicle Housekeeping Products of domestic independent brand car enterprises such as SAIC, FAW, Chang'an, Chery, etc

however, the ideal is to the left and the reality is to the right. In the face of a series of problems, such as high costs, imperfect infrastructure, absence of supporting policies, inconsistent relevant standards, hollowing out of core technology and so on, the new energy vehicle revolution promoted by Chinese and foreign car companies seems to be more like a science and technology show that can't be solved by far

first of all, due to the absence of infrastructure such as charging stations and the absence of government support policies, behind the overwhelming green wave of new energy vehicles, there are still very few new energy vehicles that are really put into mass production and accepted by the market, especially passenger cars for private customers

Xu Jianyi, general manager of FAW Group, admitted in an interview before the auto show that although FAW independently developed 212 hybrid electric buses with completely independent intellectual property rights, they have been demonstrated in Dalian and Changchun. However, in the field of passenger cars, FAW Toyota Prius, the first hybrid car to be listed in China, has sold only a few hundred units to real private users in the past five years. At the end of 2008, the world's first dual-mode hybrid car F3DM, first launched by BYD, has only been demonstration run in Shenzhen for government and commercial bank customers for more than a year.

what is more noteworthy is the ten city thousand vehicle project (ten city thousand vehicle demonstration, promotion and application project of energy-saving and new energy vehicles) jointly launched by the Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of finance, the national development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of industry and information technology in January 2009, Although the huge policy subsidies offered by the Ministry of finance have been sought after by local governments, the demonstration and promotion process has also exposed problems such as the non-uniform technical standards of new energy vehicles and the hollowing out of core technologies

Changsha Yongkang, Jiangsu Changshu Hezhong environmental protection and Energy Technology Research Institute, told that in Shenzhen, both Guodian and Nanfang power are building charging stations, but the charging facilities of the former use plug-in magnetic cards, while the latter uses non-contact magnetic cards, which cannot be used universally. In other demonstration cities, there has also been a strange thing that the same charging station adopts two sets of charging systems. Sha Yongkang called on the state to speed up the introduction of relevant mandatory standards, otherwise, such as the development of electric vehicle charging stations into chargers like 'one machine, one charge', how much waste and inconvenience it will bring

a demonstration project, on the surface, gave birth to a number of domestic new energy bus manufacturing bases, but in fact, it saved a multinational company that was almost quitting the Chinese market. An insider told that according to the original intention of the ten city thousand vehicle project, 10000 new energy vehicles were planned to be promoted within three years. However, according to the currently published data, the number of vehicles promoted in 13 cities far exceeded the expected target. The local government's pursuit of new energy demonstration operation has led a domestic automobile company to win orders for demonstration operation of hybrid electric buses in many cities, and the production is also full. However, its hybrid power system was completely purchased from Eaton company of the United States, which was once defeated in the domestic commercial vehicle transmission market, and the highest purchase price of each set was 700000 yuan

what is embarrassing is the development goal of new energy vehicles. In January last year, the "plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the automotive industry" adopted by the State Council proposed that by 2012, the production capacity of 500000 new energy vehicles such as pure electric, plug-in hybrid and ordinary hybrid will be formed, and the sales of new energy vehicles account for about 5% of the total sales of passenger cars. More than a year has passed, and we are still far from this goal

given that the large-scale replacement of electric vehicles and traditional energy vehicles will go through a long period of time, while vigorously developing new energy vehicles, we should also unswervingly speed up the technological progress of traditional vehicles

green vehicles should also walk on two legs

in order to achieve the goal of becoming the market leader in the field of electric vehicles in 2018, Volkswagen will introduce advanced hybrid and electric vehicle technology into China. On April 23, van der Eun, chairman of Volkswagen Group, announced in Beijing that the first domestic Volkswagen electric vehicle will be rolled off the production line from Volkswagen's joint venture in China between 2013 and 2014

for Nissan, the announcement of leaf, the Chinese name of leaf, the world's first mass-produced electric vehicle, which was launched globally not long ago, paves the way for its official launch in the Chinese market in 2011

multinational brands such as Toyota, Honda, general motors and BMW also announced the introduction of new energy models to the Chinese market. Among them, Toyota's third-generation Prius will be made in FAW Toyota in the second half of this year; In 2012, Honda will import hybrid vehicles insight and cr-z from China, and will introduce hybrid vehicles of Acura brand in the next three years; GM launched the Chevrolet Volt mpv5 electric concept car worldwide as a prelude to the Chevrolet Volt Electric vehicle landing in the Chinese market in 2011; BMW Group announced on the opening day of the auto show that BMW efficient hybrid 7 series and X6 officially launched in the Chinese market

while multinational companies are competing to make efforts in China's new energy vehicle market, domestic automotive enterprises have also launched a new energy vehicle popularization campaign. It goes without saying that large state-owned automobile groups such as FAW, SAIC, Dongfeng, Chang'an, Chery and so on. Even enterprises such as JAC, Lifan, Zhongtai and Shuanghuan, which have just entered the passenger car industry, have also issued electric vehicle strategies and launched electric vehicle products

an insider pointed out pointedly that launching the new energy vehicle project can not only obtain the special fund support of the government, but also enjoy additional benefits in the project, land acquisition, loans and other links. For example, a bus company in Zhejiang spent tens of millions to acquire a not advanced electric bus technology. In response to experts' questions, the boss of the enterprise laughed and said that it would be better to be more expensive, so that he could get more bank loans

encircling money, land and projects, in addition to the problems exposed in the development of new energy vehicles, path selection has always been one of the difficulties perplexing China's automotive industry. Unlike multinational companies that vigorously explore the potential of internal combustion engine technology while developing new energy vehicles in the three-step path of hybrid, pure electric and fuel cell, some domestic experts and enterprises seem to be more interested in launching pure electric vehicles in one step. According to their ideas, the state should completely concentrate funds to support pure electric vehicles, which can save the research and development of traditional engines and gearboxes, and provide a great opportunity for domestic enterprises that are backward in the above fields to overtake in corners

it has excellent performance price ratio and reliable quality. However, in the opinion of Wang Binggang, leader of the supervision and consultation expert group of major projects of energy saving and new energy vehicles in the National 863 program, whether a new energy and driving technology can have promotion advantages, summed up, there are four main elements, namely, energy availability, environmental friendliness, economy and ease of use. For electric vehicles, the first two items have great advantages, while the latter two items still have many problems, especially short driving range and long charging time. In order to make the promotion of electric vehicles successful, we must significantly reduce the cost of buying and using cars, and improve the convenience of charging as much as possible. Wang Binggang believes that there is no timetable for the above improvement because we can't expect another major breakthrough in the energy density of the battery in a short time

the expansion and popularization of electric vehicles will take 20 or even 30 years. Honda president Hideki Ito's words are probably the most pessimistic expression of multinational company bosses on electric vehicles at this auto show. Carlos Ghosn, CEO of Renault Nissan Alliance, has changed his conservative style in recent years and vigorously promoted his electric vehicle strategy, but he also believes that the popularization of products is not only the efforts of automobile enterprises, but also needs the support of government policies, but now this support is only in Europe and the United States, such a high-end special combination makes TORLON reg; Pai has become an ideal material to successfully replace metals in many precision, reusable, high temperature and load friction and wear occasions, which is partly reflected

from a technical point of view, electric vehicle technology and internal combustion engine technology will coexist for a long time, so Volkswagen Group is also continuing to vigorously explore the potential of internal combustion engine technology to further reduce fuel consumption and emissions. Van ander, President and CEO of Volkswagen (China), said that through the introduction of the latest efficient powertrain technologies such as TSI (TFSI) and DSG into China, Volkswagen was able to achieve its commitment to reduce fuel consumption by 20% by 2010. Ford also holds the same view. At this Beijing auto show, Ford announced that the new Ford Mondeo Zhisheng high configuration model in the Chinese market will be equipped with a 2.0L EcoBoost GTDi engine and a powershift dual clutch transmission, and will be launched in 2010

the relationship between traditional energy vehicles and new energy vehicles is not antagonistic, but the relationship between foundation and improvement. Zhuhongren, chief engineer of the Ministry of industry and information technology, believes that given that the large-scale replacement of electric vehicles and traditional energy vehicles will go through a long period of time, at present, traditional energy vehicles still have great potential in safety, energy conservation and environmental protection. While vigorously developing new energy vehicles, we should walk on two legs, unswervingly accelerate the technological progress of traditional vehicles, and encourage automobile enterprises to further improve existing products. (Wang Zheng)

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