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Industrial interconnection provides a methodology for industrial digitalization and intelligence

If 2018 is the first year of industrial interconnection, how will industrial interconnection go in 2019? At the 2019 industrial interconnection summit held a few days ago, Yu Xiaohui, chief engineer of the China Academy of information and communications and Secretary General of the industrial interconnection industry alliance, said that application exploration and promotion will be the development main line of the next stage of industrial interconnection

various TLS series spring tension and compression testing machines

Yu Xiaohui said that the mode innovation characterized by resource collaboration and the combination of industry and finance is a unique mode of industrial interconnection application in China at present. Enterprises of different sizes have different values of industrial interconnection, which should combine the higher-level promotion of large enterprises and the popularization of informatization and digitalization of small and medium-sized enterprises

at present, the demand for digital transformation faced by China's industry is reflected in the challenges faced by China in improving production efficiency, improving product quality and value, promoting business model innovation, and reducing the threshold of information application. Industrial interconnection provides a methodology that can be used as a path for manufacturing and various industries to realize digital and intelligent transformation

different application modes of enterprises differ

Yu Xiaohui analyzed that most of the industrial interconnection applications in foreign countries focus on the level of asset management services. Domestically, although asset management is very important, the control of production process and the optimization of resource allocation are more prominent, which also shows that Chinese industry is in the stage of making up lessons, upgrading and mode innovation

China has explored a series of characteristic innovative application modes in four directions by connecting enterprises, all links and elements of the industry through industrial interconnection

the first is to connect users, which is characterized by mass customization. For example, Haier cosmoplat platform connects users with the whole link of production, sales and logistics, collects users' personalized customization needs, and produces and distributes on demand

second, connect factories to realize capacity trading and resource allocation optimization. For example, business help organizes factories to cooperate in processing by connecting the contracting parties of each processing factory. In terms of B2B transactions, Jiwei IOT platform deals with industrial products, intelligent Yunke platform deals with processing capabilities, and aerospace cloud platform deals with product design and models

the third is to connect logistics, which is embodied in the precise logistics service driven by the experimental force exerted by the single rod double acting piston cylinder, such as the logistics integration platform of ChuanHua Zhilian, which integrates the data of all links of logistics such as goods, transportation and port, so as to ensure the safety and circulation of payment for goods of logistics enterprises, receivers and shippers

fourth, connect finance, which is reflected in financial products or services based on industrial interconnection. This is very distinctive in China, that is, financial services, which solve the problems of credit, insurance and some business models including equipment sales of small and medium-sized enterprises through data

it can be seen that in the above innovation models, large enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises solve different problems. Large enterprises have a relatively good informatization foundation, so they use industrial interconnection to improve their digital analysis and decision-making ability and layout high-value applications, such as in-depth analysis of industrial big data in some specific industrial scenarios. Another example is multi link integration and collaborative optimization, which realizes the interoperability and systematic optimization of industrial chain links based on data collaborative analysis

the resources and capabilities of small and medium-sized enterprises are the key to survival and development, so we should promote the application of industrial interconnection around grasping resources and supplementing capabilities. Specifically, there are two outstanding points for small and medium-sized enterprises. One is low-cost information applications, such as optimizing MES or ERP, which have relatively simple functions and do not even need customization. Many enterprises have such needs. Another point is to integrate into the social production system through the platform to obtain key resources for enterprise development, especially order resources and financial resources

there are significant differences between processes and discrete industries

it can be seen that the existence of enterprise differentiation makes the application modes different. Some experts believe that even in the process of promotion, the strategy of individuality first and commonality later needs to be considered. At the same time, in different vertical industries, differentiation is also very significant

Yu Xiaohui introduced that domestic process industries such as steel, petrochemical, energy, electric power, etc. have the characteristics of continuous production, high asset value, complex process, high requirements for safety and environmental protection, good informatization and digitalization foundation, and strong data acquisition ability. In terms of industrial interconnection, it is mainly reflected in three scenarios: data + model driven production management optimization, that is, the construction of intelligent factories with digital twins as the core; There is also HSE system with data visualization as the core, which is to solve the problems of health and environmental protection; Then there is the whole supply chain optimization based on data to better realize the docking of production and marketing

in discrete industries, there are four main application scenarios for multi variety and small batch industries, such as aviation, shipbuilding, engineering machinery, etc., which are collaborative design simulation verification based on data mechanism, production process optimization based on data analysis, supply chain management optimization based on system integration, and equipment health management with data model analysis as the core

mass customization of data sharing, product quality optimization based on in-depth analysis of data, production management optimization based on data interoperability, and post service market based on IOT + analysis are the main features of industrial interconnection applications in small variety and mass industries such as automobiles, household appliances, electronics, etc

three evolution directions of industrial interconnection platform

the functional system of industrial interconnection includes network, platform and security. Yu Xiaohui pointed out that it is expected that the functional system of the platform will have three evolution directions. First, the accumulation of industrial technology itself will deeply affect the industrial revolution of the platform, and enterprises with deep accumulation of industrial knowledge will play an important role. Second, open source technology will promote the continuous evolution of IT technology, and meetings have become a very important basic technology. On the one hand, Platform Developer ecosystem and application innovation ecosystem accelerate platform application innovation. On the other hand, platform enterprises have created their own ecosystem

as the whole industrial interconnection is in the early stage of development, it is inevitable to face some objective challenges at all levels. At the technical level, there are two points. First, the integration and innovation of industrial technology, it and ot technology are facing difficulties. There are less than 20 industrial models of nearly 70% platforms. Second, the effectiveness of emerging technologies to solve industrial problems needs to be verified, such as artificial intelligence, especially deep learning. The effectiveness in the scenario of strong industrial mechanism is still unclear

in terms of industry, there is a lack of industry giants to lead the development direction, and the collaborative innovation and ecological construction of industry need to be strengthened. In terms of business, the existing profit model of industrial interconnection is relatively single, and providing customized solutions is still the most important way of profit at this stage. In general, there is still a long way to go in terms of technology, application, industry, commerce and other dimensions. (Zhou Bao's tensile machine for testing high molecular polymers is different from the usual tensile machine for testing the tensile properties of materials.)

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